Arizona Health Sciences

Therapeutic potential of peroxynitrite decomposition catalysts: a patent review.

TitleTherapeutic potential of peroxynitrite decomposition catalysts: a patent review.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsSlosky LM, Vanderah TW
JournalExpert Opin Ther Pat
Pagination1-24
Date Published2015 Jan 9
ISSN1744-7674
Abstract

Introduction: Peroxynitrite is a cytotoxic oxidant species implicated in a host of pathologies, including inflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases, cancer, radiation injury and chronic pain. With the recognition of the role of peroxynitrite in disease, numerous experimental and therapeutic tools have arisen to probe peroxyntirite's pathophysiological contribution and attenuate its oxidative damage. Peroxynitrite decomposition catalysts (PNDCs) are redox-active compounds that detoxify peroxynitrite by catalyzing its isomerization or reduction to nitrate or nitrite. Areas covered: This review discusses recent research articles and patents published 1995 - 2014 on the development and therapeutic use of PNDCs. Iron and manganese metalloporphyrin PNDCs attenuate the toxic effects of peroxynitrite and are currently being developed for clinical applications. Additionally, some Mn porphyrin-based PNDCs have optimized pharmaceutical properties such that they exhibit greater peroxynitrite selectivity. Other classes of PNDC agents, including bis(hydroxyphenyl)dipyrromethenes and metallocorroles, have demonstrated preclinical efficacy, oral availability and reduced toxicity risk. Expert opinion: Interest in the drug-like properties of peroxynitrite-neutralizing agents has grown with the realization that PNDCs will be powerful tools in the treatment of disease. The design of compounds with enhanced oral availability and peroxynitrite selectivity is a critical step toward the availability of safe, effective and selective redox modulators for the treatment of peroxynitrite-associated pathologies.

DOI10.1517/13543776.2014.1000862
Alternate JournalExpert Opin Ther Pat
PubMed ID25576197
Faculty Member Reference: 
Todd Vanderah, Ph.D.