Activation of TRPA1 on dural afferents: a potential mechanism of headache pain.

TitleActivation of TRPA1 on dural afferents: a potential mechanism of headache pain.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsEdelmayer RM, Le LN, Yan J, Wei X, Nassini R, Materazzi S, Preti D, Appendino G, Geppetti P, Dodick DW, Vanderah TW, Porreca F, Dussor G
Date Published2012 Sep
KeywordsAnimals, Dura Mater, Headache, In Vitro Techniques, Irritants, Male, Monoterpenes, Mustard Plant, Neurons, Afferent, Patch-Clamp Techniques, Plant Oils, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Trigeminal Ganglion, TRPC Cation Channels

Activation of transient receptor potential ankyrin-1 (TRPA1) on meningeal nerve endings has been suggested to contribute to environmental irritant-induced headache, but this channel may also contribute to other forms of headache, such as migraine. The preclinical studies described here examined functional expression of TRPA1 on dural afferents and investigated whether activation of TRPA1 contributes to headache-like behaviors. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings were performed in vitro with 2 TRPA1 agonists, mustard oil (MO), and the environmental irritant umbellulone (UMB) on dural-projecting trigeminal ganglion neurons. Application of MO and UMB to dural afferents produced TRPA1-like currents in approximately 42% and 38% of cells, respectively. By means of an established in vivo behavioral model of migraine-related allodynia, dural application of MO and UMB produced robust time-related tactile facial and hind paw allodynia that was attenuated by pretreatment with the TRPA1 antagonist HC-030031. Additionally, MO or UMB were applied to the dura, and exploratory activity was monitored for 30min with an automated open-field activity chamber. Dural MO and UMB decreased the number of vertical rearing episodes and the time spent rearing in comparison to vehicle-treated animals. This change in activity was prevented in rats pretreated with HC-030031 as well as sumatriptan, a clinically effective antimigraine agent. These data indicate that TRPA1 is expressed on a substantial fraction of dural afferents, and activation of meningeal TRPA1 produces behaviors consistent with those observed in patients during migraine attacks. Further, they suggest that activation of meningeal TRPA1 via endogenous or exogenous mechanisms can lead to afferent signaling and headache.

Alternate JournalPain
PubMed ID22809691
PubMed Central IDPMC3413768
Grant ListNS072204 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States
R01 NS072204 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States
Faculty Member Reference: 
Frank Porreca, PhD
Todd Vanderah, PhD