|Title||The mixed-action delta/mu opioid agonist MMP-2200 does not produce conditioned place preference but does maintain drug self-administration in rats, and induces in vitro markers of tolerance and dependence.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||Stevenson GW, Luginbuhl A, Dunbar C, LaVigne J, Dutra J, Atherton P, Bell B, Cone K, Giuvelis D, Polt R, Streicher JM, Bilsky EJ|
|Journal||Pharmacol Biochem Behav|
|Date Published||2015 Feb 28|
Previous work in our laboratories provides preclinical evidence that mixed-action delta/mu receptor glycopeptides have equivalent efficacy for treating pain with reduced side effect profiles compared to widely used mu agonist analgesics such as morphine. This study evaluated the rewarding and reinforcing effects of a lead candidate, mixed-action delta/mu agonist MMP-2200, using a conditioned place preference assay as well as a drug self-administration procedure in rats. In place conditioning studies, rats underwent a 2-week conditioning protocol and were then tested for chamber preference. Rats receiving MMP-2200, at previously determined analgesic doses, could not distinguish between the drug and saline-paired chamber, whereas rats receiving the opioid agonist morphine showed a strong preference for the morphine-paired chamber. In self-administration studies, rats were trained to respond for the high efficacy mu opioid receptor agonist fentanyl on an FR5 schedule of reinforcement. Following complete dose-response determinations for fentanyl, a range of doses of MMP-2200 as well as morphine were tested. Relative to the mu agonist morphine, MMP-2200 maintained a significantly lower number of drug infusions. To begin investigating potential molecular mechanisms for the reduced side effect profile of MMP-2200, we also examined βarrestin2 (βarr2) recruitment and chronic MMP-2200 induced cAMP tolerance and super-activation at the human delta and mu receptors in vitro. MMP-2200 efficaciously recruited βarr2 to both receptors, and induced cAMP tolerance and super-activation equivalent to or greater than morphine at both receptors. The in vivo findings suggest that MMP-2200 may be less reinforcing than morphine but may have some abuse potential. The reduced side effect profile cannot be explained by reduced βarr2 recruitment or reduced cAMP tolerance and superactivation at the monomeric receptors in vitro.
|Alternate Journal||Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav.|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC4552603|
|Grant List||R15 AR054975 / AR / NIAMS NIH HHS / United States|
The mixed-action delta/mu opioid agonist MMP-2200 does not produce conditioned place preference but does maintain drug self-administration in rats, and induces in vitro markers of tolerance and dependence.
Faculty Member Reference:
John M. Streicher, PhD